The bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) contains $550 billion in new spending over the next five years, a majority of which will impact commercial real estate and sustainable infrastructure. Select each question below to learn more about what you need to know before applying for and using funds.
We can help you understand the IIJA, learn which of its funds apply to your infrastructure projects, apply for and obtain those funds, supplement those funds through a public-private partnership (P3), and determine the most effective ways to use funds on your projects. Find out how.
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What is the IIJA?
Signed by President Joe Biden in November 2021, the $1.2 trillion IIJA allows state and local governments to access infrastructure bill funds and use them to rebuild U.S. roads, bridges and rails; provide high-speed internet access to all; address the climate crisis; expand the electric vehicle network; invest in underserved communities and more.
What kinds of programs will be funded through IIJA?
- $110 billion, including (but not limited to):
- $40 billion for replacing or repairing bridges
- $8 billion to support significant freight and highway projects
- $7.5 billion in competitive grants to fund road, rail and other significant surface transportation
- $5 billion in competitive grants to support multi-jurisdictional or regional projects of significance that may cut across multiple transportation methods
- $66 billion to modernize the Northeast Corridor, bring Amtrak maintenance up to date, and create world-class rail service to regions beyond the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic
- $65 billion to help expand access to and lower costs of reliable high-speed internet for every American
- $65 billion to build thousands of miles of resilient transmission lines to support expansion of renewable and clean energies while cutting costs, and to fund new programs to support the development, demonstration and deployment of cutting-edge clean energy technologies that will accelerate the economy’s transition to net zero
- $55 billion to improve water infrastructure, including replacement of lead service lines and addressing harmful contaminants such as PFAS
- $39 billion to expand public transit options across every state; replace thousands of deficient vehicles, including buses, with zero-emission vehicles; and improve accessibility for the elderly and people with disabilities
- $38 billion to help states and territories support a wide variety of traffic safety priorities such as the safety of drivers and vulnerable road users, safety at railroad crossings, and replacement or repair of outdated natural gas pipelines
- $25 billion to address repair and maintenance needs, reduce congestion and emissions, and modernize the National Aerospace system
- $21 billion to remediate environmental damage, address the legacy pollution that harms public health of communities, create union jobs that pay well, and advance long-overdue environmental justice
- $17 billion to improve infrastructure at coastal ports, inland ports, waterways, and land ports of entry at the borders
What types of grants for infrastructure development will be distributed through IIJA?
The IIJA will distribute funds through a combination of formula grants for states, whose amounts will be determined based on factors such as population or state size; and competitive grants, which cities, towns and municipalities can compete or directly apply to receive.
How will IIJA formula grants break down state by state?
Select each state to see a breakdown of formula funds by program. Also download a PDF of this breakdown here.
What are some of the IIJA competitive grants that are or will be available?
Following are 25 competitive grant programs for local governments. Download the entire list with full details here.
- Rebuilding American Infrastructure Sustainably and Equitably (RAISE) Grants – $7.5 billion
- Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Grants – $5 billion
- Clean School Bus Program – $5 billion
- National Infrastructure Project Assistance (aka “Megaprojects” or MEGA) – $5 billion
- Safe Streets and Roads for All – $5 billion
- Bus & Bus Facilities Competitive Grants – $2 billion
- Port Infrastructure Development Program Grants – $2 billion
- Rural Surface Transportation Grant – $2 billion
- Infrastructure for Rebuilding America (INFRA) Grants – $1 billion
- Reconnecting Communities – $1 billion
Climate energy and environment grants
- Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs – $8 billion
- Flood Mitigation Assistance – $3.5 billion
- Brownfields Remediation Program – $1.2 billion
- Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Program – $1 billion
- Community Wildfire Defense Grant Program – $1 billion
- Energy Improvement in Rural or Remote Areas – $1 billion
- Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants – $550 million
- Grants for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements in Schools – $500 million
- Grants for Energy Efficiency and Resilience Code Adoption – $225 million
Broadband, cyber and other program grants
- Smart Grid Investment Grant Program and Energy Sector Operational Support for Cyber Resilience Program – $3 billion
- ReConnect Program – $2 billion
- Middle Mile Grants Program – $1 billion
- State and Local Cybersecurity Grant Program – $1 billion
- Water & Groundwater Storage and Conveyance – $1 billion
- Emergency Watershed Protection Program – $300 million
How can you improve your chances of winning competitive grant funding?
1. Prioritize your capital needs and develop a project pipeline. Consider projects previously deemed impossible to execute due to lack of funding or regional coordination.
2. Use the White House’s guidebook to infrastructure funding to identify the appropriate federal funding streams to target.
3. Start identifying and mapping all lead pipes in your city.
4. Ensure your city or region’s broadband needs are mapped and inventoried by working with your state’s broadband agency.
5. Establish relationships with the regional offices of key federal agencies, as they can provide technical assistance and direct you to resources.
6. Watch the recording of our May 18 webinar, "How to best position your infrastructure project for federal funding," which you can download here.
What is the timeline for IIJA fund distribution?
- Q1 2022 – Federal agencies publish new rules and regulations and create new federal grants and funding programs required in the bill. They also start providing some funds to states through existing grants and other programs.
- H1 2022 – RFPs for federal and state contracts for infrastructure work begin, with awards expected to be announced by summer of 2022.
- Q2 2022 and beyond – Federal and state contract awards go to prime contractors, who then select subcontractors and begin mapping out work.
- H2 2022 and beyond – Infrastructure projects receive funding and begin work.